期刊信息

刊名: 外语电化教学
主办: 上海外国语大学
周期: 双月
出版地:上海市
语种: 中文
开本: 大16开
ISSN: 1001-5795
CN: 31-1036/G4
邮发代号: 4-378
复合影响因子:2.071
综合影响因子:1.571
中文核心期刊(2017)

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讲座报告

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Realism and the Novel I: Enlightenment Origins

人物 Prof. Mike Hill 
日期 2019年11月27日(周三)
时间 13:30 - 15:30
地点 虹口校区6号楼504室
主办 文学研究院
语言 英语 English


      内容提要

This seminar will discuss the origins of the English novel in the eighteenth century, focusing specifically on the relationship between genre and realism. We will be interested in defining key features of the form as it emerged alongside other important social and political developments: bourgeois social organization, capitalism, and empire. More importantly, our goal will be to explain the role that genre plays in Western theories about how human beings understand and experience the world. As part of the period known as the Enlightenment, philosophy, or what was simply called “science,” seeks to distance itself from religious and other forms of epistemic orthodoxy. By turning to empiricism, knowledge proposes to affirm—as Francis Bacon says—the world “as it really is.” The English novel, too, began by advancing the same proposition: to depict reality as it is, and embrace our common experience of “the real”. By proposing to include any human being capable of rational thought, eighteenth-century realist fiction became the West’s first popular literary form. The novel gave writing the unprecedented status of being part of mass culture, just as it sought to depict scenes taken from what Jurgen Habermas calls the “public sphere.” But in fact, as Habermas also says, the “public” was comprised of far fewer people than the term “human” would idealistically imply. The laboring majority (e.g. peasants, women, and slaves) were regarded as the “multitude” or the “masses,” and not part of “the public sphere.” How does this social contradiction illuminate a philosophical (and technical) problem that runs along the same lines? What about the relationship between massiveness and reality as an Enlightenment “scientific” problem, one that is dependent on what kind of media tools we use designate “the real”? Our goal will be to show how the novel represents the “the real” as a problem of enlargement, and how—recalling Adam Smith—fiction is used in the eighteenth-century to help us sort, sequence, and classify reality at its full and often overwhelming scale.

 
人物简介

Prof. Mike Hill

麦克·希尔教授(Prof. Mike Hill)任职于纽约州立大学奥尔巴尼分校英语系,是长期从事英美文学和文化研究的资深学者,已出版《另一个亚当·斯密:商业社会、大众抗争和新经济学的诞生》《大众、阶级与公共领域》《白色之后:解析美国的大多数》等专著。其中,《另一个亚当·斯密》已于2018年推出中文版,该书对启蒙思想家亚当·斯密作了批评思考,探析了亚当·斯密的著作在21世纪的理论争论中仍然占据重要地位的原因,并涉及对休谟、康德、黑格尔、马克思和尼采的解读。

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